Removal of the door panelthe door panel
This will be required for speakers that are door mounts, which is the most common scenario. The door panel will need to be completely removed in order to access the speaker cavity and perform the job.
If old speakers are in place, they will need to come out before the new speakers go in. If a new wiring harness will be used, unplug the factory harness at this time. Otherwise, leave it in place. Glue preparation – Prepare the gluing or mounting material provided for the speakers per manufacturer instructions. If an adhesive doesn’t come with the speakers, a Super Glue type adhesive is a common choice. Once this is done, put the mounting materials into the speaker hole in the door.
Place the speaker into mounting and make certain to carefully screw it into place.
If the factory wiring harness is being reused, make sure to plug the positive wire into the positive opening in the new speaker. Do the same with the negative wiring. Also, make sure the positive and negative wires are properly plugged into the receiver or head unit. If a new harness will be used, this is the time to put it into place and hook it up to both the speakers and the receiver.
Make sure all exposed wires are properly covered with electrical tape.
Finishing The Job
Put the door panels back into place. For dash speakers, the major step that varies involves the removal of the grilles instead of the door panels. For other types of speaker installation jobs, carefully read manufacturer instructions before proceeding.
Speakers are covered with grills that may be fitted with screws tightly. So use a screwdriver to loosen them and take out the damaged speaker. Sometimes screws may not be present . In that case, remove the grill with an ordinary butter knife or even a screwdriver with a flat head. After removing the grills now we must take out the speaker. Again use a screwdriver to remove. Next is the detachment of harness to remove the speaker from the dashboard and car door.
Speakers can be mounted both ways. Either top or bottom. For top mounting of speakers it is easy to operate from the car inside. If speakers are bottom mounted access can be had only if we climb to trunk of the car.
Next is testing step.
To perform this testing job to find out which speaker is not working attach it to butt connector and then check. Next short behavior is examined. This is easily done by connecting a battery to the speaker. Look out for characteristic thump sound or pop sound. If we are able to hear that then the speaker is in working condition
Here is a list of probable causes for damage to speakers. They are magnetic coil damage, short circuit, fuse damage and cracks in the cone. Let’s look how to tackle each of these. Fuses associated with speakers are in voice coil and in the wiring. We can see them directly . If damaged just replace them with new ones and speakers will start working.
Next to deal with cracks use common adhesives available in the market like gorilla glue. These adhesives are not only durable but are also of light weight. Warping if it’s severe then there is not other option but to replace the speaker with a new one. Wires may be short-circuited. This can be found out if new speaker after replacement also does not work. In that case, speaker wiring has to be changed. After checking out for all this still if there is a problem with the speaker then the cause must be coil damage or sometimes even the magnet. If that is the case speakers have to be changed and cannot be repaired.
If you are already installed your car Speakers or you are trying to install in your car, let me know in the comment section.
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